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2018-03-05 来源:字体:




  在推理判断题题干中常含有表示“表明、暗示、推论”的词汇,如infer,imply,suggest,conclude,learn,intend,mean,show等。有时提问中含有表示推测的情态动词,如can,could,might,would等和其他表示可能性的词,如probably,most likely,seem等。这类试题常以如下句式发问:

  1. What can we conclude from this passage?

  2. We can infer from the passage that ...

  3. Where can you read this passage?

  4. From the passage we can draw the conclusion that .

  5. From the last paragraph we can infer that .

  6. The last sentence of the first paragraph most probably implies that .

  7. What would the author probably discuss in the paragraph that follows?

  8. What’s the author’s attitude towards ...?

  9. What is the main purpose of the passage?







  1. 根据特定信息进行推理


  例1 (2016·全国卷I) 27. What did Crosby say about people in the 1960s?

  A. They were unsure of themselves.

  B. They were eager to raise more children.

  C. They wanted to live away from their parents.

  D. They had little respect for their grandparents.

  解析 C。根据原文第三段“In the 1960s we were all a little wild and couldn’t get away from home far enough or fast enough to prove we could do it on our own,” says Christine Crosby ...可以推断,那时候的人不想和父母生活在一起。

  2. 整合全文(段)信息进行推断


  例2 (2016·全国卷Ⅲ) 7. What can we learn about the characters in Welty’s fiction?

  A. They live in big cities.

  B. They are mostly women.

  C. They come from real life.

  D. They are pleasure seekers.

  解析 C。请看原文最后两段:

  “I don’t make them up,” she said of the characters in her fiction these last 50 or so years. “I don’t have to.”

  Beauticians, bartenders, piano players and people with purple hats, Welty’s people come from afternoons spent visiting with old friends, from walks through the streets of her native Jackson, Miss., from conversations overheard on a bus. It annoys Welty that, at 78, her left ear has now given out. Sometimes, sitting on a bus or a train, she hears only a fragment(片段) of a particularly interesting story.


  3. 利用语境的褒贬性进行信息推断


  例3 (2012·福建卷) 60. How did Percival feel during his meeting with Laura?

  A. Angry. B. Calm.

  C. Nervous. D. Excited.

  解析 C。观察四个选项可以看出,A、C项是贬义词,B、D项是褒义词。因此要注意文章里面所表現的褒贬色彩。根据第一段中的At exactly eleven Sir Percival knocked and entered, with anxiety and worry in every line of his face.,第三段中的His face relaxed a little, but one of his feet kept beating the carpet.以及第七段中的His face went so pale that even his lips lost their color.可以推断,在和Laura见面的过程中,Percival非常“紧张”。

  4. 根据上下文的逻辑得出结论


  例4 (2015·湖南卷) 64. What can we conclude about the moving operation of the Tremont Hotel?

  A. It went on smoothly as intended.

  B. It interrupted the business of the hotel.

  C. It involved Pullman turning ten jackscrews.

  D. It separated the building from its foundation.

  解析 A。根据文章倒数第二段中的... thereby raising the building slowly and evenly. Astonishingly, the Tremont Hotel stayed open during the entire operation, and many of its guests didn’t even notice anything was happening.可知,这家旅馆的移动按预期平稳进行。

  5. 根据文章中的描述推断下段内容


  例5 (2015·湖北卷) 70. What is the author likely to write about after the last paragraph?

  A. Problems with the book.

  B. Brooks’s life experiences.

  C. Death of the characters.

  D. Brooks’s translation skills.

  解析 A。请看文章最后一段:On the whole, Brooks’s story is acceptable if uninspired. As one would expect, his writing is mostly clear and, to be fair, some chapters stand out above the rest. I enjoyed, for instance, the chapter in which Harold discovers how to think on his own. While Harold and Erica are certainly not strong or memorable characters, the more serious problems with The Social Animal lie else where. These problems partly involve Brooks’s attempt to translate his tale into science.

  根据该段倒数第二句中的the more serious problems和最后一句中的These problems可知,作者对存在的问题提出了自己的疑问,可以推断文章的下一段应该围绕着problems展开,故选A项。

  6. 根据文章体裁和内容推断文章出处


  例6 (2015·廣东卷) 35. This passage most likely comes from .

  A. a fishing guide

  B. a popular sales book

  C. a novel on childhood

  D. a millionaire’s biography

  解析 B。根据最后一段... with great efforts to promote long-term services to people much older and richer than me, I gradually learned what we all need is to think more like customers. It is not an easy job. I will show you how in the following chapters.可知,本文很有可能来自一本有关销售的书。

  7. 根据文体特点、用词和语气理解作者写作意图


  不同体裁文章的写作目的不同。故事类记叙文的目的通常是娱乐读者(to entertain);广告类应用文的目的一般是推销产品或服务(to advertise);议论文的目的是要阐述论点(to argue/persuade);科普、文化类说明文的目的大多是介绍知识(to inform)。

  例7 (2016·江苏卷) 64. What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage?

  A. To introduce El Ni?o and its origin.

  B. To explain the consequences of El Ni?o.

  C. To show ways of fighting against El Ni?o.

  D. To urge people to prepare for El Ni?o.

  解析 D。根据最后一段中的Since the poorest are least likely to make up for their losses from disasters linked to El Ni?o, reducing their losses needs to be the priority.可知,作者通过此文呼吁人们为厄尔尼诺现象提前作好准备,因此D项正确。

  8. 根据作者的思想倾向和感情色彩判断观点态度


  例8 (2016·四川卷) 30. What is Gin’s attitude towards the lives of the indigenous Guianese?

  A. Cautious. B. Doubtful.

  C. Uninterested. D. Appreciative.

  解析 D。根据第三段中的I have a special love for the French Guianese people ... I don’t see it as a lawless land. But rather I see it as an area of freedom.可知,Gin非常欣赏圭亚那土著人的生活方式,故选D项。